The early waves of decentralisation resulted into countries of the world to succumb to the enforcement of reforms of local governance; fiscal management, administration, participation and functions. The central government relinquished powers to the local administration while aiming at the enforcement of delivery of quality services, local self-mobilisation of resources and autonomy and giving the local population high stakes in the making of own decisions; budgets, fiscal mobilisation and selection of political representatives. However, realisation of yields from reforms in a number of countries remains a myth. For instance, they still face fiscal incapacities; low tax bases, low quality services, deficiency of rule of law, transparency and accountability. Against this background, this panel brings together scholars from different countries (Uganda, Tanzania, Sierra Leone, Brazil and Germany) to deliberate on the state of local administration and fiscal policies in their respective countries. A number of questions at the centre stage in this regard include; what are the challenges in local government in terms of fiscal mobilisation and allocation, management, functional and participation? Are the local administrative reforms living up to their initial aims? Does fiscal stress cut across local governments of the participants? What stresses the fiscal capacities of local governments? What is the forward as based on the best practices from the other countries? While reflecting on these scholarly questions, the scholars from the aforementioned countries hope to share their experience at the public gathering of global political science scholars in Lisbon in Portugal.