Like for many other organizations, it has recently been attempted to measure the effectiveness of parliaments through standardized indicators. This has been advanced by the UN Agenda 2030 and its targets 16.6. (develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions) and 16.7 (ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels). They aim to measure, monitor and report on the progress of parliaments towards clearly defined goals. While some models exist in the practice of parliamentary development, academic discussion has been limited. This is one of two panels on the topic, which are co-sponsored by the Research Committee of Legislative Specialists with the Inter-Parliamentary Union. It brings together the perspectives from practice and the academy and discusses objectives, opportunities and challenges of measuring parliamentary capacity and performance through indicators. Papers address the following questions: What is good parliamentary performance? Can it be measured and if so: how? Which indicator sets exist already? What is the experience in using them? What can be learned from performance measurement in the public and private sectors? This panel will focus on comparative approaches and papers dealing with multiple cases.