Nationalism and globalization are prominent features of the current world. Yet economists tend to avoid analysis of political ideology, while scholars of nationalism tend to avoid economic policy. This panel interrogates the structural relationship between capitalism and the nation-state in the contemporary world. What options do nationalist politics have in the globalized economy? what are the possibilities and limits to an economics of populism? What is the decision calculus of corporations facing a nationalist government? The cases examined are principally from contemporary Europe.