This panel explores security issues in Northeast Asia from different regional and theoretical starting points. This helps to broaden the understanding of security issues in Northeast Asia from different perspectives. Kovalova uses a multi-level analysis to the role of nationalism in a changing security environment in the region with a focus on the role of Russia and China. Fernandes connects the relations between Russia and China to broader international relations theory. Bochorodycz’s paper turns to the US-Japan Alliance and security policy, while Bocharnikova looks at the South Korean alliance with the USA in the last few years. Nam proposes a new theoretical approach to the US-China rivalry, using indigenous theory by a Korean Buddhist scholar.