This panel focuses on the causes and consequences of good subnational governance in Latin America. The format includes a discussant (Dr. Timothy Power) who will comment on four papers to better identify common themes, research approaches, and theoretical contributions. These papers include three with a focus on Brazil; these are from Carlos Perreira (the co-chair), Maureen Donaghy, and Michael Touchton (the chair). Thamy Pogrebinschi presents analysis of a new, region-wide subnational dataset to situate Brazilian research in broader context. All four papers employ innovative research methodologies to explain variation in subnational governance and link it to local politics and human development outcomes. We expect the panel to help identify future research directions to improve subnational governance as well as provide a critical overview of recent advances in this area.