The paper explores the state of Buddhism in Mongolia and Buryatia. Based on numerous statistics and data of sociological surveys the transformation of Buddhism as a social institution and religion is discussed. Buddhism is a traditional religion for Mongolians and historically considered to have a consolidating role for whole Mongolian nation. What is the current role of Buddhism in Mongolia and Buryatia? Could be the Buddhism a mediator for Inter-Civilization Interaction in Inner Asia? Those are the research questions addressed in the paper. Since 2004 number of Buddhist temples remain the same quantity at the end of 2018 (137/134), while a number of Christian churches has tripled in those years (63/196) in Mongolia. The results of a sociological surveys conducted in Mongolia and Buryatia from 2012 to 2018 are widely used to analyze the situation and answer the research questions.
Dr. Damdin Badaraev