Collective Labour rights in the gig-on-demand economy: A critical legal approach, the case of 'Rappi' in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mr. Kevin Hartmann

Abstract/Purpose. The purpose of this present Master Thesis is analysing the challenges and debates that disruptive on-demand-platforms hasve created for the legal framework and labour markets in the Global South by using the case of Rappi in Argentina. The analysis acknowledges both the individual and collective dimensions of Argentinian labour law and the recent developments it has suffered in recent years considering the disruption of on-demand platforms in that country. Moreover, there is a section that assess the case of Asociación de Personal de Plataformas (“APP”), an on-demand-workers Trade Union that was created in 2018 through the lenses of the Power Resources Approach.

Design/methodology/approach. The Master Thesis analyses relevant literature and statistical information of a study from 2018 conducted by the International Labour Organization (ILO) together with Centro de Implementación de Políticas Públicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento (CIPPEC) and the Interamerican Bank of Development (IBD), in which some data is revealed regarding the gig-economy in Argentina. Thus, there is a socio-legal analysis of the individual and collective legal frameworks and the proposals that have been drafted to overcome the challenges posed to them. The present work aims to contribute to the literature on the on-demand economy to discuss the relevant gaps and challenges from a global-south perspective that have been revealed for workers from this sector.

Research limitations/implications. The conducted research faced some data limitations regarding the Trade Union APP. Its implications is adding a legal perspective from the global south by analysing the case of Rappi in Argentina.