Corruption from a Political Anthropology Perspective: A Transcultural Study of Spain and the Dominican Republic

Mr. Marcos Iglesias
Dr. Jose Antonio Martin Herrero

The objective of this paper is to advance in the anthropological and socio-political interpretation of corruption. It intends to analyse why an illegal behaviour can be accepted as normalized. Corruption has been studied by authors from different areas of the social sciences, but, within political anthropology, the phenomenon of corruption has not been sufficiently developed in its political and cultural aspects.
The methodology used to develop this paper has been a challenge when trying to combine two fields of social sciences, political science and anthropology. Fields, in addition, that are not characterized by the harmonization of their methods, development and articulated format. In order to solve this particular issue and, given that corruption is a broad topic in itself, the fieldwork developed satisfies the demands of Anthropology, conducting ethnographic interviews interacting with the subjects in order to obtain the answers to the survey used. At the same time, it had to be up to the expectations of political science and the rigor it requires in its analysis.
The hypotheses developed in this paper intend to palliate the concern and lack of work in this area, trying to answer how can we, if we do, include corrupt practices in our daily work, assuming them as normal, correct and even logical in such a way that the survey aims to determine whether, from the point of view of the citizens, these corrupt practices in their relations with public administrations are considered normal and even correct and, from the officials perspective, have they been tempted in some way to do favors to some citizen, if they have done them or if they come to consider them as corrupt acts.