Dilemmas Of The Regionalisation Process In Poland. Proposals For Revising Administrative Solutions At Regional Level In Current Political Discussion

Mrs. Magdalena Maria Katana Mendes

It has been 20 years since regional division in Poland became a reality establishing 16 Voivodeships instead of previously existing 49. The administrative reform of the State, as the only one of the four implemented while building the foundations of a democratic state in Poland after the political transformation in 1989, remains almost unchanged. This does not mean that they were not accompanied by any controversy.
The question of regions in Poland is subject to constant discussion led mostly by the right - wing party Law and Justice. The reform on this issue was discussed many times in the past by all political parties and is on the agenda of the party that has just come to power once again (Law and Justice). It is planned among other to separate Warsaw from the Masovian Voivodeship to create a separate region, to form the Central Pomeranian Voivodeship, to reactivate former Częstochowa Voivodeship, and abolish the Opolskie Voivodeship. As the government declares intensification of consultations on this matter, it is already clear that the problem is of great interest and is causes a lot of controversy related to functional, spatial and demographic issues, EU economic funds, political reasons and residents` identity questions.
The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the problems of the current situation, projects of future arrangements for regional scheme, their determinants, models proposed and attitudes towards the problem from points of view all parts involved. It seems that there is a need to find an answer for question of what reasonable decentralisation means, whether it is a matter of efficient regional management for sustainable development or political pressure. As stated in the Constitution social, economic or cultural ties and ensuring the ability of territorial units to perform public tasks must be taken into account.
The study will cover statistical data on regions showing their economic and demographic potential, political and legal documents, changes proposed, legal, economic and social opinions on the possible results.
20 years seems to be the right perspective for assessing the results of regionalisation and the accuracy of any solutions proposed.