Elites in Mexican Political Transition. Between Economic Rationality and Populism

Dr. Rogelio Hernández-Rodríguez

Political transition in Mexico formally took place in 2000, when a new party and especially new elite won elections and ruled the country. From 2000 to 2018, two different parties had guided the democracy but both of them have keep as main aim economic rationality. Irrespective if PAN or PRI ruled, economic policy has been managed by the same technocratic elite. Budget aimed to education, social security, health, household, has been restrained and had seriously damaged social conditions of ordinary people. After 18 years of technocratic hegemony, leftist elite has arrived to power with an ambitious promises to promote economic development and social prosperity. New president (Andrés Manuel López Obrador) has appointed an inexpert group of politicians and has reinforced the executive power diminishing important autonomous agencies that, in recent years, had controlled potential executive abuses. The main concern of the present proposal is questioning how new elite and his administration jeopardize Mexican democracy to eliminate checking points that in the past had supported political change. Paper will show political trajectories of elites in the alternation period and will contrast them with new leftist elite, and will analyze the consequences of deliberated program of political centralization in executive power. It seems that social concerns of the leftist administration means a potential risk to democracy.