Federal Police in Brazil: An Elite Between Legal and Political Fields

Mr. Lucas e Silva Batista Pilau

This paper aims to discuss, from a political sociology of institutions, the relationship of members of the Federal Police with the legal and political fields in Brazil. The Federal Police establishes itself as an elite based on the differences between the agency and the other brazilian police (civil and military): in the process of career recruitment (with compulsory higher education of its members), in the structure available for its performance (with extensive investment) and its attributions (aimed at crimes committed by the financial and political elite, such as money laundering and corruption). Throughout the 2000s, between disputes and a process of empowerment, the agency increased its performance dramatically over previous decades, and in recent years the brazilian population has recognized its activity in the fight against corruption, especially in Operação Lava Jato. Thus, the bibliography especially explores the relationship between the Federal Police and the brazilian legal field. On the other hand, the political dimension of the organ increment process has been little explored to date, so that this work is mainly engaged in understanding the relationship between the Federal Police and the brazilian political field. The central hypothesis of the work revolves around the existence of investments of Federal Police agents in elective positions and appointment by members of the executive, in order to increase the institution's institutional development process. In order to advance this hypothesis, it is analyzed data that had as a cut the time lapse between 1988 (promulgation of the Federal Constitution) and 2018 (last elections in the country), analyzing the positions (elective or not) occupied by federal police officers in the political system, the discussions in which these agents were inserted during the mandate or the exercise of the position, the professional profile (if sometimes from internal union discussions within the agency) and the possible capital conversions carried out by the police officers federal funds to the institution's development. The results show, for now, that there are federal policemen running for and electing elective positions in the brazilian political system, which indicates the possibility of long-term hypothesis confirmation.