A Game Without Rules: the Industry Lobbying in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies

Miss Marcela Machado

Since redemocratization in the early 1990s, lobbying has become the focus of much academic study in Brazil. Among the topics that have gained visibility, the activities and influence of pressure groups stand out, due to the increasing transparency that surrounds the decision-making process. Yet despite pending legislation in the Brazilian National Congress aimed at the regulation of lobbying activities, these groups remain unregulated. Thus, the aim of this research project is to assess how interest groups tied to the business community act in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies. Their activity had been made easier by the fact that the Brazilian electoral law allowed electoral campaign donations from companies. However, this practice was prohibited in September 2015, and big donors were no longer allowed to donate to campaigns. On the other hand, the need of the business community as an interest group to ensure voting and access to members of congress remains unchanged. A similar dynamic exists in regard to the role of money in political campaigns, leading members of Congress to act as rent extractors. To analyze this plural perspective, it is necessary to combine a deep literature analysis with a multivariate data analysis with QCA software, in order to understand the cases and correlate them.