Human Rights Challenges and Responsibility to Protect in the Central African Republic and their Impacts on Sovereignty

Mr. Diego P. Pedra
Mr. Mariana Grigoli

The purpose of this article is to analyze whether the precepts described in the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) can be applied in the defense of Human Rights in the Central African Republic and what are the consequences for the sovereignty of the country and its main challenges. The selected scenario represents a recent and relevant milestone, regarding that the country has been a scenario of an internal conflict and its difficulties in solving the problem by the international community. To solve the proposed problem, the methodology employs a qualitative approach inserted in an exploratory research through participant observation. Thus, we seek to present concepts that concern the Human Rights, the obligation of the National States to defend or preserve them, as well as the monitoring and collection instruments in Central African territory. The following section attempts to present the conceptual premises of the Responsibility to Protect described by the United Nations, so that the dichotomy between state and international responsibility in defense of the human being can be discussed, taking into consideration the necessary requirements to be applied in the Central African Republic. This section also discusses the aspects of legality and legitimacy around the issue, questioning the success of military action on humanitarian issues as a kind of collective self-defense. Finally, the last section will examine whether the precepts outlined in the Responsibility to Protect can find space or justification so that they can be applied on Central African soil in order to prevent possible human rights violations. Given this assertion, the consequences of this intervention for sovereignty and the challenges that arise are also objects of this analysis. In this approach, the present work is based on the study of documents of lessons learned from other similar situations, participant observation and authors who studied the subject. The relevance of this work is to bring to light on the political use of Human Right to justify R2P.