The incidence of the discursive coalition in cannabis policy in Mexico from 2007 to 2019

Prof. Adrián Jiménez Sandoval

The paper analyzes the process of influencing the coalition of civil society organizations in Mexico in the regulation of cannabis in the three federal powers from 2007 to 2019, period from the presentation of the first initiative in the federal congress to the process that concluded with the approval of the regulation of cannabis for personal use. The questions that are answered are: What is the role that the discursive coalition has played in the change in cannabis policy in Mexico between 2007 and 2019? What are the characteristics of the coalition that has been formed to change cannabis policy? The way how it has evolved? And what factors affected its incidence in each action situation and in what sense?
The discursive coalition of organizations has focused on influencing the situation of constitutional action where they are closer to state actors with decision-making power This allows them to centralize the discussion around their rights agenda and then take the discussion to the decision-making situation where they do not have such closeness to state actors but that the responses obtained in the previous situation ensure discussions based on their discourse.
The three adjacent action situations (constitutional, collective decision-making and operational) will be modeled as multilevel networks where the most central actors will have the greatest impact. The response given at each level conditions the response to the following action situation.