Internal Migration as a Constraint in the Processes of Modernisation in India
DR. SUBODH KUMAR
India is a functioning democracy but the aim is to transform India into a great democracy, strong in itself and in the eyes of the world. But to achieve this India will have to overcome the problems of conflicts due to internal migration of people from underdeveloped regions of the country to developed regions. The prevailing regional dichotomy between different regions of India reflects shortcoming in the approach to the processes of modernization. State must educate the people that post-modern societies are based on the consensus of division of labour and not on traditional features of caste, religion, region, etc. The nature of liberal democratic societies are multicultural, hence, state must preserve diverse culture. The Constitution and its seamless web of democracy, social revolution, and national unity and integrity have met India’s needs but it has to travel a greater distance to achieve the goals set in the Constitution. The practice of asymmetric federalism and secularism for more than six decades has not been able to create a shared identity. The factors which put constraints in the processes of achieving the goals of transforming the Indian society from medievalism to modernism are: (i) Demography of the regions, (ii) Pattern of Democratization, (iii) sanskritization of society, (iv) Uneven planning and (v) Absence of cultural interaction. These factors have generated stress on federal relation and are putting resistance in becoming liberal democratic multicultural state. In order to overcome these constraints, region-specific strategies should be formulated because different regions in India is the product of different historical circumstances and they vary in capacity and capability to perform. At the same time, modern institutions must be made functional to enhance societal federalization through cultural interaction, then only aim and objectives of Constitution can be achieved. My paper presents the constraints of modernization processes due to internal migration in India.