National Identity and Brexit: the Role of the Northern Ireland and Scotland on the Negotiation Process of Brexit

Mr. Bruno Fonseca

This Communication considers the importance of the different regional results of the 2016 Brexit referendum, and the role of the independence movements of Northern Ireland and Scotland that arose during the negotiation process.

The Independence movements in the United Kingdom have shaped a pertinent relationship between the political, cultural and social formation of the union and the existence of a British national identity, characterized by a common political and cultural sphere, but also by the individuality of the regions constituting the United Kingdom.

In this sense, I will examine the strategies used by both independence movements in the Negotiation process of Brexit, by means of the Constructivism, Bureaucratic Politics and Negotiation Theory dynamics, in order to understand the connection between the discussion on British National Identity and the role of Northern Ireland and Scotland on this process.

The political, economic and social implications of Brexit for the Northern Ireland region are rooted in its complexity, with territorial pressure and historical tensions between Catholics and Protestants. Above all, the issue with the Irish border is one of the most debated topics on the negotiating table for Brexit surrounding the free movement of people. Scotland's point of view, on the other hand, relates with its own process of consolidating national identity awareness, as well as increasing its desire for independence.

Therefore, Brexit has implications in two different axes, in the integrity of the United Kingdom as a cohesive political entity and on the debate around the consolidation of national identity of this independence movements.