National Identity and Citizenship Activity of Resistance: Role of Trust in News Media

Dr. Irina Bondarevskaya
Language
English
Abstract

National Identity and Citizenship Activity of Resistance:
Role of Trust in News Media
Irina Bondarevskaya
Political polarization of society, constantly changing political and economic situation, war threats actualize need in high quality news among citizens. A question which news media are trustworthy inevitably arises as life rhythm does not always give possibility to validate news Information broadcasted through news media in turn effects formation of national identity as well as citizenship activity of resistance.
Empirical research of trust in news media, citizenship activity of resistance and national identity of adolescents aged 13 to 16 years old (№ 1439) was conducted in 17 regions of Ukraine. We have distinguished three scales: trust in news media, citizenship activity of resistance and national identity. Scales of national identity and citizenship activity of resistance (patriotism in original) were taken from Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire (Zalewska & Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz, 2011) translated into Ukrainian language and adapted. We added question: “I am preparing to struggle for Ukraine with arms in my hands when I am 18” which was not presented in original scale of patriotism. Likewise, we added question: “When Ukrainians are praised I feel pleasure” to national identity scale. Scale of trust in news media was taken from wider scale of news media skepticism (Maksl, Ashley & Craft, 2015) and translated into Ukrainian. Respondents had to evaluate degree of agreement due to Likert scale with 1 – strongly agree and 5 – strongly disagree. In analysis we summarized strongly agree and rather agree as positive and strongly disagree and rather disagree as negative. Statistically significant differences between girls and boys were calculated using Mann-Whitney U-test.
Correlation analysis showed positive connection between all questions among boys and girls with statistical significance p ≤ 0,01. That is to say the higher the level of trust in news media among adolescents in Ukraine, the higher citizenship activity of resistance and salience of national identity are. Likewise, the higher salience of national identity, the higher citizenship activity of resistance is.