New Nationalism in an Open World

Dr. Shafali Barathonia

In 1990, British scholar Eric Hobsbawm argued that “Nationalism had become historically less important and it’s not impossible that nationalism will decline with the decline of the nation state”. The existence of the globalisation era undermines the significance of nationalism since national identity is becoming indistinct. Numbers of centrifugal movements by small groups, ethno-language groups are increasing. On the other hand there has been a trend where people identify themselves as part of the world culture. For this line of argument the identity steps over the boundaries of the nation states which then forming the so-called Super nationalism. This scenario indicates that diminishing nationalism in the globalised world is a threat to the world. As John Plamenatz , believes that basically nationalism is a cultural phenomenon. As a matter of fact, this is because nationalism helps to distinguish a people from other people. The forces of globalisation try to create a world of their lifestyle. It is beneficial for the economic interests of the global forces to strengthen a western nationalistic model.  So, they first strike at the culture of other states and then at their nationalism. The decline of nation state and nationalism is a threat to the inclusive development of the world. The popularity of right wing politics, emerging cultural consciousness among states, rise of ethnic politics, searching of new regional role models for common men in their respective states and revival of orthodox religious model, is a form of new nationalism in the world. The new nationalism can work on ‘Think local and act global’ line. States have to redefine their Nationalism to seek their lost identity.