People’s Participation, Decentralized Governance and Democracy: A Study of Changing Scenario in Villages of Dewas District of Madhya Pradesh, India
Dr. Akhilesh Pal
Department of Political Science
Iswar Saran PG College
University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, India
India is the land of diversities. Almost 70 per cent of the total population is living in the villages, contrast and paradox, continually maintaining a hiatus between rhetoric and reality, theory and practice or avouchment and affliction. In India after independence efforts have been made to meet the needs and expectations of the people. Special efforts have been taken up to address the rural multifaceted issues with massive investment but the results were not up to the expectations. To make the democracy meaningful and welfare oriented there is a need of decentralization. The democracy is fundamentally decentralized system of governance. Indian democracy has adopted a unitary system. Central government at the federal level, state government at the provincial level and local government at the grassroots level. For the establishment of true democracy there is a need of local governance bodies. Fruits of democracy may reach to the public only by the local governance. Local self-government created by an Act of the Central or State Government is a government entity, including the district, town or village consists of representatives elected by the people of an area and for those who exercise their rights to human welfare
Panchayat raj, as a system of governance at the grassroots level in rural India has been rightly conceived as the most viable and proper mechanism of realising the goals of democracy, development, peace and security. Panchayat Raj is a system of maximum welfare of maximum people and based on justice. After Independence efforts have been made to create the units of self-governance at grassroots level but all went in vain since they could not produce the desired result. After Independence efforts were continued to create the panchayats as unites of self-governance but the committed Central Government’s initiative came out with 73rd Amendment for the establishment of panchayat raj institutions in India.
Key Words: Participation, Decentralization, Governance, Democracy.