The Philosophical and Methodology Issues on the Study of Inner Asian Civilizations (Case of Mongolia’s Civilization)

Dr. Khatanbold Oidov

Within framework of fundamental issues of development philosophy there is an acute need to arrange basic ideas related to methodology of Mongolian philosophy of development policy. Any/every nation or ethnics in order to survive and develop as a state formation should inherit the fundamental philosophical and spiritual ideas and principles for their existence. However, it is not easy to provide with universal answer what kind this national idea would be, due to different social, historical and economic context of individual country. Moreover, at present the issue agenda is different for big world superpowers which are defining world policy in comparison with small states and ethnics which are hardly trying to survive in whirl of globalization.
Such factors that Mongolia is the sparsely populated country with the extensive territory, rich in the minerals what is causing interest in foreigners, prevalence of a nomadic civilization - all of them in a complex create a favorable background for formation of philosophy of national development. Mongols should not forget that their country was determining some time away not only the history of the region but also world history by dominating on most than half of world, however it is also worth to be aware of changed circumstances of modern world. Without doubt, in contemporary global world for each country is essential to explore creatively ideas and scientific theories to define a common approach to trends of development in modern global community. Today Mongols enough sufficiently explore these theories and doctrines which have linkage to Western origin, but the research deserves a creative approach and does not fit properly to national reality and specifics. The conscious respond perception of national legacy, traditions and present situation is indispensable for further evolution of development philosophy. Indeed, search for clues from the past is the most beneficial for philosophy of national development.