Political Finance, Political Accountability and the Rule of Law

Dr. Sídia Lima
Language
English
Abstract

Political Finance, Political Accountability and the Rule of Law

Researches have been directing to the fact that the control of campaign financing through the establishment of rules, by itself, is not capable of promoting a decrease in political corruption indexes. Independent of the political finance system, kind and number of these regulatory rules, corruption remains the same, unless these rules are effective enforced. However, what is the correlation between corruption and the adherence to the Rule of Law, considering the degree of compliance and the sanctions enforcement systems performance? Using correlational analyses and data from Transparency International databank to measure corruption, and World Justice Project databank to measure Regulatory Enforcement, Civil and Criminal Justice dimensions, this research investigates these correlations in countries that have rules to control political finance, in two different moments. The results confirm a negative and strong relation between corruption perception and the adherence to the Rule of Law and reinforce the idea that the efficiency of Civil and Criminal Justice Systems in a Country is essential to control political corruption.