Public Expenditure Tracking Tool and Corruption: A case of Tanzania Public Service

Dr. Jason Nkyabonaki

Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS) is one of the proactive and postmortem tool in social accountability to fight corruption in the public service. The tool`s objective is to promote the culture of civil responsibility to follow up for their taxes expenditure by the government in order to realize the value for money. This objective realization requires the culture of political and bureaucratic accountability, freedom of mass media to promote civic voice and above all the participative political culture. The study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of PETS tool in Tanzania from 2015 -2018 following the 5th phase government limiting the freedom of media and the impact of the government law on statistical data sharing from researches not approved by the National Bureau of Statistics on PETS. The study has found out that the two variables have an impact on the effectiveness of PETS. The civil society organizations in frontiers of anti-corruption have been under reversal due to the new statistical law and reduced space of civilian action on the public governance affairs. Also, the majority of respondents were skeptical on the political will to fight corruption amidst limited freedom of the media and the law of statistics of 2018. Hence, the civic power to fight corruption under the current regime is limited and this creates a potential for corruption to be an order of the day in the public service. Therefore, the freedom of mass media, the promotion of a culture of civic responsibility and limiting constitutional powers of power wielders would be a panacea for the PETS tool to be adequately effective and make Tanzania`s public service a corruption free zone.