This paper presents a study of reforms of direct state provisions to political parties in Russia 2001-2019 as a least-likely case for the reforms to happen. Guided by the three types of institutionalism, it the first part of the paper I discuss the underlying mechanisms responsible for the reforms. In the second part of the paper I analyse the consequences of these reforms for 1) political parties in light of the actual party income and expenditure of the five leading political parties; and 2) the institutionalization of the party system. Practical suggestions on how we can improve the regulation of political finance in Russia to strengthen democratic developments finilize the paper.
Mrs. Valeria Tonhäuser