With Russia’s effort to revive its ‘privileged influence’ on the Eurasian landmass, a new geopolitical ground is drawing up Moscow’s New Nationalism under Vladimir Putin to shape the emerging Eurasian Regional Order. Apart from Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as the foundation of Eurasian institutional structure, Putin’s commitment to integrate the Eurasian region with a Eurasian Economic Union, spanning countries like China, Iran, Pakistan and India remains pertinent to the anticipated re-surge of Kremlin’s position in world’s politics. However, such potent geopolitical projects like the EEU suggest a deeper link between Kremlin’s geo-economic strategy and New Nationalist aspirations of broader Pan-Eurasianism. Such an ambitious approach is influenced by right-wing intellectuals including Alexander Dugin that sketched pragmatic manoeuvres for Kremlin’s diplomatic and military policies. However, these Geo-strategic calculations are conditioned by Russia’s ‘Red-Brown’ coalition that combines the ultra-left and ultra-right schools from Kremlin’s Duma, gives an enterprising direction to Russia’s Eurasianism project and hence encourages political struggle for the 'Eurasian Heartland'. Therefore, by integrating Russia’s geopolitical aspirations with its new nationalist orthodoxy, the paper augments discussion over the anticipated Russian behavior in the region, especially in context of the immediate regional changes such the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and immigrant issues from Central Asia and Caucasus. Moreover, the study also highlights and analyses Russia’s new nationalist behavior towards both the Kremlin’s ambitions and the non-Russian ethnic populations in the Eurasian region. In the end, the paper looks into possibilities Russia can explore to bring productive conciliation between its emerging New Nationalism and untapped geopolitical opportunities. Such comprehensive account of analysis guides us to examine possibilities of emerging Eurasian Regional Order with its strategic, political and economic implications for the existing Western World Order.
Mr. Furqan Khan