Vulnerable migrants in Brazil: building peace through the Electrolux Corporation´s agency for human rights

Prof. Ana Luiza da Gama e Souza
Language
English
Co-Authors
Prof. Lara Góes
Abstract

Research question: how companies as agents of peace can contribute to the realization of peace through the guarantee of vulnerable migrants right to decent work in Brazil? In Brazil, the State of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, as metropolis, receive the largest number of migrants in vulnerable situations. The Amazonas State, in turn, has also been the destination of thousands of migrants and refugees arriving in Brazil from Venezuela and is in 8th place in number of labor permits per unit of the Federation. The intense and growing flow of refugees in this region has been noticed not only by the local community, but by companies. In the current state of things, it is necessary to reflect on new ways of understanding the various aspects of this global migratory crisis. In this paper, we argue, on the one hand, that migration can contribute to development if it is supported by appropriate policies and by the participation of development actors, such as companies, which can contribute to fostering the labor market. On the other hand, that companies can contribute the realization of the right to decent work for vulnerable migrants acting positively as peace agents. In the UN regime, companies are included as protagonists of the SDN and the Ruggie principles reinforces this protagonism. In this sense it is possible to considerer its responsibilities in peacebuilding, especially due to its economic power and its role on development. Taking companies as a driver for positive peace, in this paper we analyzed, through Refugee training and hiring Program implemented by Electrolux Company in Manaus, how companies in Brazil could increase peace as agents in a practical and socio-economic point. The interdisciplinary methodology consisted in combines the analytical understanding of the theoretical field of human rights and companies, from the legal and moral point of view with the qualitative analysis of the documents and information about the Electrolux Program and the evaluation of the possible social impacts of the implemented policy, according to available official data and the corporate agency's ability to realize the right to decent work of vulnerable migrants.