Who Governs? Changeable Technocratic Tendencies in the Hungarian Cabinets after 2010

Dr. Eva Vanyi

Technocrats in the cabinets is an old investigated topic in the ministerial elite studies. Based on the literature non-partisan ministers are or should be neutral and they bring special expertise into cabinets increasing the professional nature and achievment of governments. However it is also known that technocrats’ positions and tenures are not stable in the cabinets as partisan ministers’ positions.
Non-partisan ministers appeared also in all Hungarian cabinets after the regime change but their number was never too large and they filled rather special expertise-needed positions. Career pattern of Hungarian technocrat ministers was the same generally as in Europe until 2010.
The aim of this paper to present the impact of the new style of governance on the cabinet composition after 2010. It seems the new government structure changed the former career paths to the government: more and more outsiders were appointed not only in the ministerial but in the political state secretary positions. This phenomenon needs an explanation: non-partisans need to boost the power of prime minister within the cabinet or their special expertise makes the political decision-making better. What is the political consequence of this process? What is the role of experts within the new ’policy governance’ style of Orban governments?
To answer the questions ministers and political state secretaries will be investigated in the paper. The preliminary findings show that people outside from politics are realy experts but they implement definitely political programme.
The results come from a database that contains social-demographic and career data about all members of Hungarian cabinets including political and bureaucratic leaders from 1990 to 2018. The database is suitable for making comparative examination among cabinets in a long time period.