New Nationalism in a Global Perspective

Type
Plenary Sessions
Code
PS.01

Chairs: Prof. Hasret Dikici Bilgin and Prof. Bertrand Badie

Plenary Speaker: Liah Greenfeld

Presentation: Globalization of Nationalism

This plenary lecture will address the nature of nationalism: national consciousness, national identity, and the organization of communities as nations – that is, as sovereign communities of fundamentally equal members, however the membership is defined. Connecting nationalism to modern democracy, liberal and authoritarian, and examining its relationship to political ideologies of the last two and a half centuries, left and right, socialism, communism, classical liberalism, populism, fascism, and feminism, among others, it will attempt to demonstrate that nationalism lies behind modern politics, in general, essentially defining modern political culture. It will, next, analyze the reasons for the continued appeal of nationalism in the context of an increasingly open world, attributing this appeal to the dignity with which nationalism endows personal identities of common people. Globalization, it will argue, though usually seen as the opposite of nationalism, is, in fact, a product of nationalism and, to the extent that world is becoming unified, it is becoming unified in the shared – national – consciousness, paradoxically drawing countries into ever more intense competition for international dignity, or prestige. To conclude, the lecture will focus on the most striking contemporary example of the globalization of nationalism – its penetration, after decades of failed efforts to achieve it on the part of the Chinese government, into the colossal population of China.

Plenary Speaker: Adam Hanieh

Presentation: Migration, Methodological Nationalism, and the Global Political Economy: Thinking Across Borders

Debates around borders and migration have been a central flashpoint of politics over the last few years, accentuated by the on-going COVID-19 pandemic. Although the movement of people across and within borders has been integral to capitalism since its inception, there have been numerous important changes to patterns of migration at a global scale. We now see a multiplicity of different routes and forms of migration that span all parts of the globe: significant flows of refugees and asylum seekers connected to violence and conflict across the Middle East, Africa, and Central Asia; increases in forms of unfree migrant labour (including trafficking and modern slavery); a proliferation of temporary migration schemes that connect labor markets in the North and South; on-going large-scale rural to urban migration; and a regionalisation of labor migration flows centered around new poles of capital accumulation in East Asia and the Middle East. Such movements of people – particularly over the last decade – have been accompanied by the rise of an anti-immigrant sentiment emanating from far-right, nativist, and populist movements. This presentation surveys key theoretical approaches to migration in political science, and makes the case for renewing and developing a global political economy perspective that is grounded in a critique of methodological nationalism. Such a perspective can provide important insights into the place of nationalism in the contemporary world, and help us think in new ways about borders, class, and national identity.