Why Nationalisms in South and North Today?

Plenary Sessions

Although in an economically restructured world, capital is almost fully global, economic growth is still measured state by state. It is necessary ideologically to keep this competitive spirit, required for globality to function in a capitalist way, to thicken the abstractions of the state with the fuzziness of the nation. These new nationalisms, based on phantasmatic identity politics, go against the performative contradictions (between liberty for me and equality for others) of democracy as mindset rather than vote count alone. Historically, then, how to think the Marshall Plan and today's One Belt One Road together? The new subaltern -- unlike in Gramsci's day -- is precisely used for democracy as body count in the largest sectors of the electorate. In terms of this, how do we compute the relationship between subalternity and citizenship? Undergirding all, we must ask how to think gender within this confusing picture of our world. These questions can cover over the fact that economic growth does not promise social inclusion; and that identity is tremendously heterogeneous even within the "same" language, the "same" religion -- and this too is ideologically managed.